جلد 10 - شماره سال ۱۳۹۹                   ‫جلد (10): 36 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها

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Mirzaie P. Positive Psychotherapy on Spiritual Well-Being and Happiness in Students with Depressive Disorder. mejds. 2020; 10 :36-36
URL: http://jdisabilstud.org/article-1-1327-fa.html
میرزائی پروین. اثربخشی روان‌درمانی مثبت‌نگر بر بهزیستی معنوی و شادکامی دانشجویان دارای اختلال افسردگی. مجله مطالعات ناتوانی. 1399; 10 () :36-36

URL: http://jdisabilstud.org/article-1-1327-fa.html


دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران
چکیده:   (511 مشاهده)
Background & Objectives: Depression is the most prevalent psychiatric disorder. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), by 2020, after cardiovascular disease, depression will be the second most threatening health issue worldwide. Depression affects the occupational and socioeconomic status of affected people and influences their individual and social life. Depression is among the major problems in the general health of students, i.e., one of the leading causes of disability globally. Given the research evidence in explaining the emergence of depression, it seems that prior to the treatment, it is important to consider the mediators that significantly impact depression. These factors include spiritual well-being and happiness. Therefore, the present study determined the effects of positive psychotherapy on the spiritual well-being and happiness among students with depressive disorder.
Methods: This was a quasi-experimental study with a pretest-posttest and a control group design. The statistical population of this study included all students with depression in the Payame Noor University of Tehran in the 2017-2018 academic year. A sample of 30 students was selected through a simple convenience sampling technique among students with depression. Then, the selected students were randomly assigned in the experimental and control groups (n=15 per group). After selecting the study subjects, the first two groups were subjected to a pretest using the Ellison and Palutzian Spiritual Well-being Questionnaire and the Oxford Happiness Questionnaire. In total, 8 psychotherapy sessions were provided to the experimental group; however, the control group received no treatment. At the end of the treatment course, both groups were reassessed (posttest). Next, the obtained data were analyzed using Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) in SPSS at 0.95 confidence level. 
Results: The study findings suggested significant changes in the spiritual wellbeing and happiness scores of the experimental group, compared to the controls. The mean spiritual well-being scores of the experimental group increased from 32.20±8.08 to 52.93±11.24; their mean happiness scores increased from 42.93±9.20 to 59.73±12.34. However, the control group scores were at a modest range. The ANCOVA results revealed that positive psychotherapy increased the spiritual well-being and happiness of the investigated depressed students (p<0.001).
Conclusion: Positive psychotherapy has been effective in increasing spiritual well-being and happiness among students with depression. By this method in depression patients, an effective measure can be taken in this regard. In other words, teaching techniques and positive thinking skills to individuals help to improve the positive relationship with oneself, others, and the world. 
متن کامل [PDF 416 kb]   (116 دریافت)    
نوع مطالعه: مقاله پژوهشی اصیل | موضوع مقاله: روانشناسی
دریافت: 1397/10/19 | پذیرش: 1397/12/11

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