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Background & Objective: Intellectual disability is defined by a defect in mental functioning and adaptive behavior in conceptual, social, and practical contexts. Overall, 1% of the population is people with intellectual disabilities, of which 90% are mild and 10% are half severe, severe, and very severe. Parents of children with intellectual disability usually experience chronic stress and are at high risk for mental problems. These parents experience lower levels of happiness, self-esteem, and a sense of self-efficacy. Mothers of children with intellectual disability need strong coping patterns because of the problems they face. on the other hand, Life expectancy is a cognitive complex based on a sense of success that is influenced by a variety of sources. Life expectancy is a powerful source and a form of rebirth that is vital to man. Hope involves one's ability to set goals for themselves, as well as ways to achieve those goals, and in addition to having the energy and motivation to achieve those goals. In addition individual differences and different personality traits differentiate people's response to stressful situations. Psychological hardiness is the ability to stay healthy after experiencing high levels of stress due to personality traits such as self-control, commitment, and ability to overcome challenges. People with Psychological hardiness have the ability to manage the environment and face change and see change as a factor in their growth. Cognitive emotion regulation can be defined as the cognitive emotion control method. These include negative strategies such as self-blame, blaming others, rumination, catastrophic understanding, and positive strategies including acceptance, positive re-focusing, positive re-evaluation, re-focusing on planning and expanding the perspective. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of cognitive emotion regulation strategies in life expectancy and hardiness of mothers of children with intellectual disability in Tehran.
Methods: This descriptive-analytic study was of correlational type. The statistical population of the study consisted of mothers of children with intellectual disability whose children were educated in exceptional primary schools in Tehran in the academic year 2018-19. Using available sampling method, 180 mothers with these children were selected as statistical sample. Data were collected using Cognitive Emotion Regulation Strategies Questionnaire(2009), Snyder Hope Questionnaire(1991), Ahvaz Psychological Hardiness Questionnaire(1999) and Pearson correlation and multivariate regression analysis (α = 0.05). Data were analyzed using SPSS software version 21.
Results: According to the results, there was a positive and significant relationship between cognitive emotion regulation strategies and mothers' life expectancy (p <0.001). Multivariate regression results for predicting mothers' life expectancy showed that consistent cognitive emotion regulation strategies had a positive and significant relationship with life expectancy of mothers (p <0.001). The results also showed a significant positive relationship between cognitive emotion regulation strategies and mother's hardiness (p <0.001). Based on the results of multivariate regression analysis for predicting mother's hardiness, consistent cognitive emotion regulation strategies had a positive and significant relationship with mother's hardiness (p <0.001).
Conclusion: Given the importance of cognitive emotion regulation strategies in predicting the life expectancy and hardiness of mothers of children with intellectual disability, special attention to its components is suggested to relevant specialists.
     
Type of Study: Original Research Article | Subject: Psychology
Received: 2019/12/7 | Accepted: 2020/02/29

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