Volume 10 -                   MEJDS (2020) 10: 61 | Back to browse issues page

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Safarnia A, Ahmadi V, Mami S. Comparing the Effects of Intensive Short-Term Dynamic Psychotherapy and Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy on Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. MEJDS. 2020; 10 :61-61
URL: http://jdisabilstud.org/article-1-1842-en.html
1- Ilam Branch, Islamic Azad University
Abstract:   (1376 Views)
Background & Objectives: When health authorities pay attention to natural disasters, death and injury are highlighted as two main indicators. Besides, the psychological consequences of these events among the survivors are often disregarded. Specific symptoms, as responses, are observed in numerous earthquake survivors following exposure to traumatic events. The present study aimed to compare the effects of Intensive Short-Term Dynamic Psychotherapy (ISTDP) and Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) on Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). 
Methods: This was a quasi-experimental study with a pretest-posttest and a control group design. The statistical population of this study consisted of all women affected by earthquake in Sarpol Zahab City, Iran, referring to consulting clinics in Kermanshah City, Iran, in 2019. Of them, 45 women were selected as the study samples. The research subjects were randomly assigned to one control and two test groups (n=15/group). The study inclusion criteria were demonstrating post-earthquake anxiety problems and a consequent referral to a counseling center; visiting the Welfare Center for psychological counseling; elementary school-level education to understand and respond to the questionnaire, and commitment to attend classes to reduce subject dropout. The study exclusion criteria were developing specific mental disorders; absence from more than two therapy sessions, and participating in awareness-raising or other psychological intervention programs to reduce psychological problems. ISTDP sessions were conducted according to Davanlou’s 16th protocol. Moreover, MBCT sessions were performed according to Segal, Williams, and Tizdill’s Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy protocols. In the study, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist (PCL) was used to collect the required data. The collected data were analyzed using Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) at the significance level of 0.05.
Results: The current study results indicated that both provided therapies were effective on improving PTSD in the explore subjects. There was no significant difference between the test groups in terms of PTSD improvement (p<0.001).
Conclusion: ISTDP and MBCT, by affecting the emotions and irrational thoughts of a person with PTSD, respectively improved this disorder in earthquake survivors.
Full-Text [PDF 555 kb]   (217 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Research Article | Subject: Psychology
Received: 2019/12/27 | Accepted: 2020/02/4

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