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1- Islamic Azad University, Zahedan branch,
Abstract:   (182 Views)
Background & Objective: Marital infidelity may severely deteriorate coupleschr('39') relationship. Researchers and family therapists have offered several definitions of marital infidelity, but generally, it is a violation of couple’s stated contract regarding emotional and/or sexual behavior[I1] . In this definition, sexual infidelity means to have a hidden sexual relationship with a non-spouse, while emotional infidelity refers to being interested in a non-spouse or providing her/him with emotional resources including time, love, and attention. Marital infidelity potentially disrupts coupleschr('39') relations and causes many disorders [I2] and psychological problems for individuals. Accordingly, performing appropriate interventions to reduce its negative effects seems critical. Cognitive Behavioral Couple Therapy (CBCT) is an intervention with effective outcomes for a range of marital problems. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of CBCT on resilience and life quality of women affected by marital infidelity.
Methods: This is a quasi-experimental study with a pretest-posttest design and control group. The statistical population included all women affected by marital infidelity in the western region of Tehran who referred to psychological clinics during 2019. Using purposive sampling method, 30 eligible volunteers were selected and randomly assigned to the experimental (n=15) and control (n=15) groups. The experimental group was provided with twelve sessions of training, while the control group received no intervention. All subjects filled Conner-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RIS; 2003) and World Health Organization Quality of Life Questionnaire (WHOQLQ; 1996) before and after the training. The data were analyzed using covariance through SPSS-22[I3] .
Results: . [I4]  The participants in two groups were matched in terms of age, educational level, and marriage duration. Analysis of covariance revealed an increase in both resilience and life quality [I5] in response to our intervention, which is still significant after removing the pre-test effect both for resilience (p <0.001) and life quality (p <0.001). Therefore, resilience and life quality of infidelity-affected women in the experimental group, compared to the control group, have been significantly changed in the post-test due to the influence of training sessions.
Conclusion: our findings, confirmed the effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioral Couple Therapy on resilience and life quality of infidelity-affected women. Resilience is very important in the stability of marital relationships, as well as it is worthy influences on life quality of infidelity-affected women. it is suggested to conduct Cognitive Behavioral Couple Therapy in counseling and psychological clinics to improve reliance of these women and provid[I6 e them with a better life quality.

Type of Study: Original Research Article | Subject: Psychology
Received: 2020/08/8 | Accepted: 2020/03/20

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