جلد 14 - شماره سال ۱۴۰۳                   ‫جلد (14): 4 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها

Ethics code: IR.BPUMS.REC.1400.014

XML English Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Homayooni M, Keykhosrovani M, Pouladi Reishehri A. Comparing the Effectiveness and Stability of Positive Mindfulness Therapy and Compassion-Based Therapy on Inner Shame and Experimental Avoidance in Abused Women. MEJDS 2024; 14 :4-4
URL: http://jdisabilstud.org/article-1-2845-fa.html
همایونی مینوش، کیخسروانی مولود، پولادی ریشهری علی. مقایسهٔ اثربخشی و تداوم تأثیر درمان ذهن‌آگاهی مثبت‌محور و درمان مبتنی‌بر شفقت بر احساس شرم و اجتناب تجربه‌ای در زنان خشونت‌دیده. مجله مطالعات ناتوانی. 1403; 14 () :4-4

URL: http://jdisabilstud.org/article-1-2845-fa.html


1- دانشجوی دکتری روان‌شناسی تخصصی، واحد بوشهر، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، بوشهر، ایران
2- استادیار گروه روان‌شناسی، واحد بوشهر، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، بوشهر، ایران
3- استادیار گروه روان‌شناسی، واحد بوشهر، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، بوشهر، ایران و استادیار دانشگاه پیام‌نور، بوشهر، ایران
چکیده:   (864 مشاهده)

چکیده
زمینه و هدف: براساس مرور پیشینه‌های نظری و تجربی، درمان ذهن‌آگاهی مثبت‌محور و درمان مبتنی‌بر شفقت بر احساس شرم و اجتناب تجربه‌ای تأثیرگذارند؛ اما هنوز مشخص نیست کدام‌یک از این مداخلات در طول زمان اثربخشی بیشتر و پایدارتری دارند. پژوهش حاضر با هدف مقایسهٔ اثربخشی و تداوم تأثیرات درمان ذهن‌آگاهی مثبت‌محور و درمان مبتنی‌بر شفقت بر احساس شرم و اجتناب تجربه‌ای در زنان خشونت‌دیده انجام پذیرفت.
روش‌بررسی: روش پژوهش، نیمه‌آزمایشی با طرح پیش‌آزمون و پس‌آزمون چندگروهی همراه با گروه گواه با یک مرحله پیگیری سه‌ماهه بود. جامعهٔ آماری پژوهش را تمامی زنان قربانی خشونت خانگی تشکیل دادند که در سال ۹۹-۱۳۹۸ عضو خانه‌های امن شیراز بودند. از این میان به‌روش داوطلبانه ۶۰نفر واجد شرایط وارد مطالعه شدند و به‌روش تصادفی در گروه‌های بیست‌نفرهٔ آزمایش (درمان مبتنی‌بر شفقت و درمان ذهن‌آگاهی مثبت‌محور) و گواه قرار گرفتند. ابزارهای سنجش، پرسش‌نامهٔ اجتناب تجربی (باند و همکاران، ۲۰۱۱) و پرسش‌نامهٔ احساس شرم درونی‌شده (کوک، ۱۹۸۸) بود. یکی از گروه‌های آزمایش مداخلهٔ ذهن‌آگاهی مثبت‌محور (هافمن و همکاران، ۲۰۱۴) و گروه دیگر آزمایش درمان متمرکز بر شفقت (گیلبرت، ۲۰۱۰) را هرکدام در هشت جلسهٔ نوددقیقه‌ای دریافت کرد؛ اما برای گروه گواه هیچ مداخله‌ای ارائه نشد. تحلیل داده‌ها با استفاده از روش تحلیل واریانس با اندازه‌گیری‌ مکرر و آزمون تعقیبی بونفرونی در سطح معناداری ۰٫۰۱ توسط نرم‌افزار SPSS صورت گرفت.
یافته‌ها: نتایج نشان داد، درمان مبتنی‌بر شفقت و درمان ذهن‌آگاهی مثبت‌محور بر احساس شرم و اجتناب تجربه‌ای تأثیرگذار بود (۰٫۰۰۱>p). روش درمان مبتنی‌بر شفقت درمقایسه با درمان ذهن‌آگاهی در کاهش احساس شرم و اجتناب تجربه‌ای اثربخش‌تر بود(۰٫۰۰۱>p).
نتیجه‌گیری: درمان مبتنی‌بر شفقت درمقایسه با درمان ذهن‌آگاهی مثبت‌محور اثربخش‌تر است؛ درنتیجه درمان مبتنی‌بر شفقت می‌تواند به‌عنوان امری پیشگیرانه و بهبوددهنده در افزایش سلامت روان و کیفیت زندگی زنان قربانی خشونت خانگی استفاده شود.

 

متن کامل [PDF 384 kb]   (216 دریافت)    
نوع مطالعه: مقاله پژوهشی اصیل | موضوع مقاله: روانشناسی

فهرست منابع
1. Rostami M, Abdi M, Heidari H. Childhood abuse and the amount of forgivenessin married individuals. Journal of Thought & Behavior in Clinical Psychology. 2014;9(32):77–89. [Persian] [Article]
2. Abedinia N, Boalhari J, Naghizadeh MM. The comparison of predisposition factors on request divorce on gender. Journal of Psychological Studies. 2015;11(1):141–77. [Persian] [Article]
3. Vézina J, Hébert M, Poulin F, Lavoie F, Vitaro F, Tremblay RE. History of family violence, childhood behavior problems, and adolescent high-risk behaviors as predictors of girls' repeated patterns of dating victimization in two developmental periods. Violence Against Women. 2015;21(4):435–59. [DOI]
4. Tesh M, Learman J, Pulliam RM. Mindful self-compassion strategies for survivors of intimate partner abuse. Mindfulness. 2015;6(2):192–201. [DOI]
5. Barlow MR, Goldsmith Turow RE, Gerhart J. Trauma appraisals, emotion regulation difficulties, and self-compassion predict posttraumatic stress symptoms following childhood abuse. Child Abuse Neglect. 2017;65:37–47. [DOI]
6. Irons C, Lad S. Using compassion focused therapy to work with shame and self-criticism in complex trauma. Australian Clinical Psychologist. 2017;3(1):47–54.
7. Diedrich A, Grant M, Hofmann SG, Hiller W, Berking M. Self-compassion as an emotion regulation strategy in major depressive disorder. Behav Res Ther. 2014;58:43–51. [DOI]
8. Ghadampour E, Radmehr P, Yousefvand L. Effectiveness of mindfulness–based cognitive therapy on cognitive-behavioral avoidance and mental rumination in comorbidity of social anxiety and depression patients. Internal Medicine Today Gonabad University of Medical Sciences. 2017;23(2):141–8. [Persian] [DOI]
9. Krieger T, Altenstein D, Baettig I, Doerig N, Holtforth MG. Self-compassion in depression: associations with depressive symptoms, rumination, and avoidance in depressed outpatients. Behav Ther. 2013;44(3):501–13. [DOI]
10. Dimitropoulou C, Leontopoulou S. A positive psychological intervention to promote well-being in a multicultural school setting in greece. J Couns Psychol. 2017;6(1):113–37. [DOI]
11. Weare K. Developing mindfulness with children and young people: a review of the evidence and policy context. J Child Serv. 2013;8(2):141–53. [DOI]
12. Keng SL, Smoski MJ, Robins CJ. Effects of mindfulness on psychological health: a review of empirical studies. Clin Psychol Rev. 2011;31(6):1041–56. [DOI]
13. Cebolla A, Enrique A, Alvear D, Soler J, Garcia-Campayo J. Contemplative positive psychology: introducing mindfulness into positive psychology. Psychologist Papers. 2017;37(1):12–18. [DOI]
14. Garland EL, Hanley AW, Goldin PR, Gross JJ. Testing the mindfulness-to-meaning theory: Evidence for mindful positive emotion regulation from a reanalysis of longitudinal data. Plos One. 2017;12(12):e0187727.. [DOI]
15. Niemiec R, Rashid T, Spinella M. Strong mindfulness: integrating mindfulness and character strengths. J Ment Health Couns. 2012;34(3):240–53. [DOI]
16. Pepping CA, O'Donovan A, Davis PJ. The positive effects of mindfulness on self-esteem. J Posit Psychol. 2013;8(5):376–86. [DOI]
17. Waters L. Positive education and mindfulness in schools. Melbourne graduate school of education; 2013.
18. Ong CL. Towards positive education: a mindful school model. 2013. [DOI]
19. Ivtzan I, Niemiec RM, Briscoe C. A study investigating the effects of mindfulness-based strengths practice (MBSP) on wellbeing. International Journal of Wellbeing. 2016;6(2):1–13. [DOI]
20. Veen R. The effect of self-compassion on the happiness, resiliency and marital satisfaction of marital. New York: Redial Publishing Company; 2014.
21. Lazar SW, Kerr CE, Wasserman RH, Gray JR, Greve DN, Treadway MT, et al. Meditation experience is associated with increased cortical thickness. NeuroReport. 2005;16(17):1893–7. [DOI]
22. Bennett-Goleman T. Emotional alchemy: how the mind can heal the heart. New York: Three Rivers Press; 2002.
23. Neff K. Self-compassion: an alternative conceptualization of a healthy attitude toward oneself. Self Identity. 2003;2(2):85–101. [DOI]
24. Akin A. Self-compassion and loneliness. International Online Journal of Educational Sciences. 2010;2(3):702–18.
25. Ghezelsefloo M, Jazayeri RS, Bahrami F, Mohammadi R. Couple styles and self-compassion as predictors for marital satisfaction. Journal of Applied Counseling. 2014;5(2):79–96. [Persian] [Article]
26. Rezaye Vala M, Yaarmohammadi Vasel M. The effect of self-compassion training on marital intimacy and marital satisfaction in married female. Journal of Modern Psychological Researches. 2021;15(60):101–14. [Persain] [Article]
27. Saeinia M, Kianpour Barjoee L, Dasht Bozorgi Z. The effect of self-compassion training on the emotion regulation of married women who referred to counseling center. International Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences. 2015;2(1). [Persian] [Article]
28. Arbabi F, Saravani S, Zeinali Pour M. The effectiveness of self-compassion on psychological well-being, quality of life and resilience in couples with marital conflicts. Feyz. 2022;26(1):82–90. [DOI]
29. Hasani F, Rezazadeh M, Ganbari Panah A, Khoshkabar A. The effectiveness of compassion-focused therapy on sexual satisfaction, emotional regulation, and resilience in nurses with burnt marriage syndrome. Iranian Journal of Rehabilitation Research in Nursing. 2021;7(3):52–64. [Persian] [Article]
30. Rajabi G, Gashtil K, Amanallahi A. The relationship between self- compassion and depression with mediating's thought rumination and worry in female nurses. Iran Journal of Nursing. 2016;29(99):10–21. [Persian] [DOI]
31. Saeedi Z, Ghorbani N, Sarafraz MR, Sharifian MH. The effect of inducing self-compassion and self-esteem on the level of the experience of shame and guilt. Contemporary Psychology. 2013;8(1):91–102. [Persian] [Article]
32. Raes F. Rumination and worry as mediators of the relationship between self-compassion and depression and anxiety. Pers Individ Dif. 2010;48(6):757–61. [DOI]
33. Neff KD, McGehee P. Self-compassion and psychological resilience among adolescents and young adults. Self Identity. 2010;9(3):225–40. [DOI]
34. Raes F. The effect of self-compassion on the development of depression symptoms in a non-clinical sample. Mindfulness. 2011;2(1):33–6. [DOI]
35. Gilbert P, Procter S. Compassionate mind training for people with high shame and self-criticism: overview and pilot study of a group therapy approach. Clin Psychol Psychother. 2006;13(6):353–79. [DOI]
36. Kelly AC, Zuroff DC, Shapira LB. Soothing oneself and resisting self-attacks: the treatment of two intrapersonal deficits in depression vulnerability. Cogn Ther Res. 2009;33(3):301–13. [DOI]
37. Shapira LB, Mongrain M. The benefits of self-compassion and optimism exercises for individuals vulnerable to depression. J Posit Psychol. 2010;5(5):377–89. [DOI]
38. Tirch DD. Mindfulness as a context for the cultivation of compassion. Int J Cogn Ther. 2010;3(2):113–23. [DOI]
39. Cook DR. Measuring shame: the internalized shame scale. Alcohol Treat Q. 1988;4(2):197–215. [DOI]
40. Bond FW, Hayes SC, Baer RA, Carpenter KM, Guenole N, Orcutt HK, et al. Preliminary psychometric properties of the acceptance and action questionnaire–II: a revised measure of psychological inflexibility and experiential avoidance. Behav Ther. 2011;42(4):676–88. [DOI]
41. Rajabi Gh, Abasi Gh. Investigating the relationship between self-criticism, social anxiety and fear of failure with shyness in college students. Research in Clinical Psychology and Counseling. 2010;1(2):171–82. [Persain] [Article]
42. Fatollahzadeh N, Majlesi Z, Mazaheri Z, Rostami M, Navabinejad Sh. The effectiveness of compassion-focused therapy on the internalized and self-criticism on emotionally abused women. Psychological Studies. 2017;13(2):151–68. [Persain] [Article]
43. Abasi I, Fata L, Moloudi R, Zarabi H. Psychometric properties of Persian version of Acceptance and Action Questionnaire –II. Journal of Psychological Methods and Models. 2013;3(10):65–80. [Persain] [Article]
44. Hofmann SG, Wu JQ, Boettcher H. Effect of cognitive-behavioral therapy for anxiety disorders on quality of life: a meta-analysis. J Consult Clin Psychol. 2014;82(3):375–91. [DOI]
45. Gilbert P. Compassion focused therapy: distinctive features. London: Routledg; 2010.
46. Sadeghpour A, Khalatbari J, Seif AA, Shahriariahmadi A. Comparing the effectiveness of compassion - focused therapy and mindfulness training on post - traumatic developmental disorder and cancer burnout in cancer patients. Journal of Psychological Science. 2020;19(86):193–202. [Persain] [Article]
47. Ahmadi SZ, Mirzaian B, Maddah MT. Efficacy of mindfullness based cogniive therapy on worry and cognitive aviodance in anxious students of universities. Journal of Psychology New Ideas. 2014;1(1):1–10. [Persain] [Article]
48. Davis DM, Hayes JA. What are the benefits of mindfulness? a practice review of psychotherapy-related research. Psychotherapy. 2011;48(2):198–208. [DOI]
49. Helmes E, Ward BG. Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for anxiety symptoms in older adults in residential care. Aging Ment Health. 2017;21(3):272–8. [DOI]
50. McManus F, Muse K, Surawy C, Hackmann A, Williams JMG. Relating differently to intrusive images: the impact of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) on intrusive images in patients with severe health anxiety (hypochondriasis). Mindfulness. 2015;6(4):788–96. [DOI]
51. Segal ZV, Williams JMG, Teasdale JD. Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for depression: a new approach to preventing relapse. New York: Guilford Press; 2002.
52. Hofmann SG, Sawyer AT, Witt AA, Oh D. The effect of mindfulness-based therapy on anxiety and depression: a meta-analytic review. J Consult Clin Psychol. 2010;78(2):169–83. [DOI]
53. Gilbert P. The origins and nature of compassion focused therapy. Br J Clin Psychol. 2014;53(1):6–41. [DOI]
54. Neff KD, Germer CK. A pilot study and randomized controlled trial of the mindful self-compassion program: a pilot and randomized trial of MSC program. J Clin Psychol. 2013;69(1):28–44. [DOI]
55. Kashdan TB, Ciarrochi J. Mindfulness, acceptance, and positive psychology: The seven foundations of well-being. New Harbinger Publications; 2013.

ارسال نظر درباره این مقاله : نام کاربری یا پست الکترونیک شما:
CAPTCHA

ارسال پیام به نویسنده مسئول


بازنشر اطلاعات
Creative Commons License این مقاله تحت شرایط Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License قابل بازنشر است.

کلیه حقوق این وب سایت متعلق به مجله مطالعات ناتوانی (علمی- پژوهشی) می باشد.

طراحی و برنامه نویسی : یکتاوب افزار شرق

© 2024 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Middle Eastern Journal of Disability Studies

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb