In Press                   Back to the articles list | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

1- Azad Islamic University
2- shiraz university
Abstract:   (224 Views)
Background & Objective: Divorce in women is more than an immediate and fleeting injury and in the long could have an irreversible consequence on the mental health of divorced women. Divorced women usually bear a lot of stress and as a result, they experience more psychological problems, especially depression, in comparison with married and single women. Thus, there is a need to consider the depression of divorced women more and to draw up plans and studies to identify the important and related factors. To explain depression and why it is an underlying factor, we can refer to the self-esteem vulnerability model. According to the self-esteem vulnerability model, low self-esteem is considered a risk factor for depression. Self-esteem is taken into consideration as a stable personality trait formed in the early years of life, which acts as a protector and can reduce both the effects of stress on people and the possibility of depression. It seems that self-esteem can increase people's adaptability and reduce the possibility of depression through other psychological mechanisms. One of the psychological aspects that can increase a person's ability to cope with self-esteem and is related to depression is psychological flexibility. Psychological flexibility refers to the ability to be fully in touch with the present moment as a conscious human being, and to change or continue a behavior when doing so serves valuable goals. Conscious attention to the present and the process of acceptance, in addition to the processes of committed action and behavior change, can cultivate psychological flexibility. Thus, psychological flexibility is affected by accepting committed action. Acceptance of unpleasant internal events and negative emotions and committed action, which means activity aimed at the goals and values ​​specified in life, creates a strong internal motivation in individuals and protects them from the symptoms of depression. Another variable that can reduce the probability of depression is the perspective of time. The perspective of time is a person's wish, expectation, and view about the future. The perspective of time can be an effective tool to overcome mood disorders, anxiety, lack of enthusiasm, and lack of desire, and generally states caused by feelings of helplessness and belonging. According to what was said, it seems that depression is an important factor in divorced women after experiencing divorce, which is experienced as high stress and can be influenced by other psychological factors. If a person has lower self-esteem and also draws a vague future for himself, along with a lack of acceptance and reduced flexibility, he can be more exposed to depression. Hence, this study aimed to develop a model of self-esteem vulnerability and depressive symptoms with the perspective of time, acceptance, action, and psychological flexibility in divorced women.
Methods: The current study is analytical and specifically based on structural equation modeling in terms of how to collect information. The statistical population of this research was all divorced women who referred to counseling centers in Gonbad city in 1400-1999. The research samples consisted of 204 divorced women selected using available sampling method. In order to determine the sample size, Klein's segmentation model was used and in order to collect data, Beck depression questionnaire (Beck, 1996), self-esteem questionnaire (Rosenberg, 1965), future time perspective questionnaire (Zimbardo, 1999), cognitive flexibility questionnaire (Dennis & Vander wal, 2010) and acceptance and action questionnaire (Bond et al, 2007) were used. After preparing and compiling the research questionnaire, and obtaining the necessary permits, the consultation centers of Gonbad city were referred and the questionnaires were provided to the individuals. In general, 250 questionnaires were distributed, and finally, 204 questionnaires were collected completely. After collecting the questionnaires and entering them into the computer, the data were analyzed using path analysis, which includes a set of regression equations. It should be noted that data were analyzed using SPSS version 24 and LISREL version 8.5.
Results: The results showed that the direct effects of self-esteem on depression (β=-0.49 and P<0.001) were significant. Also, the indirect effects of self-esteem on depression (β=0.17 and P<0.022), self-esteem on psychological flexibility (β=0.24 and P<0.009), self-esteem on acceptance and action (β=0.32 and P < 0.001), time perspective on depression (β = -0.24 and P < 0.001), time perspective on psychological flexibility (β = 0.20 and P < 0.012) were significant. The total effect of self-esteem on depression (β=-0.66 and P<0.001) was significant On the other hand, good fit indices indicated a good fit of the model (GFI=0/967, AGFI= 0/902, CFI= 0/946, IFI= 0/942, RMSEA= 0/079).
Conclusion: Based on the results, it is recommended that self-esteem be targeted as an important factor in interventions to reduce depression, especially in divorced women.
Type of Study: Original Research Article | Subject: Psychology

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Middle Eastern Journal of Disability Studies

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb