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1- Azad Shahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Azadshahr, Iran.
Abstract:   (1335 Views)
Background and Aim: Psychological symptoms such as stress, anxiety and depression are the most common psychiatric disorder that is chronic in most cases. The presence of these factors in parents causes negative psychological symptoms in children. The future has a negative impact on individual and social performance. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between positive and negative effects and perceived conflicts of parents with psychological symptoms of first grade high school students in Azad Shahr city.
Method: This research is a fundamental objective. The governing method of this research is essentially in the category of correlation studies. The method of this research was descriptive correlational. The statistical population of this study consisted of all high school students of Azadshahr city in the academic year 1397-1396, which was 3540 (2315 boys and 1225 girls). Regarding the size of the statistical population, using the Krejcie and Morgan tables, the sample size was estimated to be 246 people who were selected by cluster sampling method. Thus, in the first stage, 4 schools (2 girls and 2 boys) were considered, and then from each school three classes (base 7, 8th grade and 9th grade) were selected as the sample. The questionnaires were distributed in classes and then completed. To collect data, the PANAS positive affective and affective questionnaire, CPIC and Psychological Symptom Scale (stress, anxiety and depression questionnaire, DASS-21) were used. In order to analyze the data, descriptive statistics including graphs, mean and standard deviations were used. In order to check the assumption of normality of the data, Kolmogorov-Smirnov test was used and then the regression test and Pearson correlation coefficient were used for comparison. The variables were used for independent t-test.
Results: The results showed that there is a significant relationship between positive and negative affection and perceived conflicts of parents with psychological symptoms of students (p<0.01). Also, there is a significant relationship between students' positive and negative emotions and psychological symptoms (stress, anxiety and depression) among students (p<0.01). There is a positive and significant relationship between perceived parental conflicts and psychological symptoms of students (p <0.01). There is no significant difference between positive and negative affective and perceived conflicts between the parents of female students with the boy. There was a significant difference between depression, anxiety and psychological symptoms of male and female students (p<0.05).
Conclusion: According to the findings of this study, it can be concluded that conflicts and more intense, overt and obvious hostilities between parents have adverse effects on children. In other words, the family's safe and emotional environment as a family factor contributes to reducing the emotional needs of children in the context of parental conflicts. Creating a healthy environment and a positive emotional environment leads to mental health of the children, and the unsafe environment of conflict and constant conflict between parents will lead to conflict with the child and his behaviors will spread, and this kind of family relationships and problems will cause problems. Adolescence, behavioral and psychological in children, which in the future can lead to trapping addiction, delinquency and..
     
Type of Study: Original Research Article | Subject: Psychology
Received: 2018/09/8 | Accepted: 2019/07/27

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