Volume 10 -                   MEJDS (2020) 10: 156 | Back to browse issues page

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Zamani L, Molanorouzi K, Ghasemi A. The Effect of Self-Regulation on Children’s Fine Motor Development and Executive Function. MEJDS. 2020; 10 :156-156
URL: http://jdisabilstud.org/article-1-1481-en.html
1- Department of Physical Education, College of Humanities, Science and Research, Branch Islamic Azad University
2- Science and Research Branch Islamic Azad University
Abstract:   (1545 Views)
Background & Objectives: Motor development in the form of fine and gross motor skills, besides cognitive development significantly affects executive functioning skills, including response inhibition, attention, and motor performance in the future of children. Developmental interventions could be important in developing these motor and cognitive skills. There are various forms of related practice interventions. One of these forms is self–regulation. Therefore, the present research explored the effect of self–regulation conditions on children’s fine skills in motor development and executive functioning.
Methods: This was a quasi–experimental study with a pretest–posttest and a control group design. The study subjects consisted of 60 girls aged 7, 9, and 11 years in Isfahan City, Iran, in 2018 who were selected by purposive sampling method. Participants in each age group were randomly divided into two 10–subject self–regulating and control groups. In the pretest phase, children participated in the test of Fine Motor Skills of the Bruininks–Oseretsky (Vaez Mousavi and Shojaee, 2005) and the Flanker Executive Functioning Test (Davidson et al., 2006). Then, the experimental group received an interventional program for 8 weeks (two 60–min sessions per week) in a self–regulation setting. Besides, in a self–regulating situation, a child was placed in a control situation; they participated in developmental interventions in consonance with the child's self–regulation situation and similar to their choices. At the end of the interventions and one month later, posttest and follow–up surveys were performed regarding the motor and cognitive development variables. Statistical analysis was performed using the repeated–measures Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) at a significance level of 0.05 in SPSS. The Bruininks–Oseretsky test package is a motion scale in a standardized reference norm. The retest reliability coefficient of the Bruininks–Oseretsky test was reported as 78% and 86% for the long and short forms, respectively. In this research, the fine skills of the subtest in the short form were used in the pretest, posttest, and follow–up stages. The fine executive functioning test was developed by Davidson et al., and its reliability was reported as 0.72. This test is used to evaluate the components of active memory and inhibition, and recording the results in this test is automatically conducted by a computer.
Results: The present study results related to fine motor skills indicated the self–regulation values in all age groups were significant, as follows: 7 years (F=5.24, p=0.035); 9 years (F=7.11, p=0.016), and 11 years (F=9.70, p=0.006). Comparing the mean scores revealed that the growth of fine motor skills of the intervention group was significantly higher than that of the yoked group in all three age groups. Concerning inhibitory control at the age of 9 years, the main effect of the group was significant (F=4.58, p=0.047). However, in the age groups of 7 and 11 years, the main effect of the group was not significant (p˃0.620, p >0.110, respectively).
Conclusion: Providing self–regulation strategies in the training conditions improved performance in learning and cognitive development among the investigated girls in the age range of 7, 9, and 11 years. According to the current research results, it is suggested this strategy be used to improve the performance of children in learning and development.
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Type of Study: Original Research Article | Subject: Psychology
Received: 2019/04/13 | Accepted: 2019/06/13

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