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Abstract
Background & Objective: By introducing the components and architectural strategies of the physical environment, in order to promote the quality of life of the elderly in the care centers of these individuals, and in view of the purpose of this study and considering the limitations and physical disabilities and the mental conditions of the elderly, a suitable physical environment
suitable for the elderly can flourish and prosperity They should be designed to deal with the growth of the population in this stratum, the preparation and planning of precision in different aspects. Architecture and urbanization are one of the most important elements in relation to the life of the elderly. The presence of the elderly in the home and in society requires an initial response to his needs. This response should include taking into account the physical and mental constraints of these loved ones. So, for the elderly to benefit from services and society, elderly life and their morale needs to be carefully analyzed. Attention to the needs of humans at each level of health of the individual, thus resulting in the community. One of the most popular categories in the community that needs support is the elderly. In architecture, not only must the principles and standards for this stratum be explained, consolidated and respected, but should be defined by the spatial pattern specific to these individuals.
Methods: The method of this research is qualitative and the research is descriptive-librarian and analytical. First, factors that can increase the quality of life of the elderly are examined and then these factors are introduced in the form of activities and service plans to improve the quality of life of the elderly in their care centers to improve the elderly's disability.
Results: Findings of the research indicate that for increasing the quality of the environment in the elderly care centers, three main effective factors can be expressed:
A) the functional component of which this component can be considered as sub-components, such as: facilities for all elderly, elderly people, dynamics, personalization, care and control of the elderly; b) the aesthetic component of which this component includes: avoidance of isolation, mobility And activity, the possibility of movement, usefulness, design, with regard to physical limitations, thermal sensitivity. The environmental component including: clarity, joy and vitality, comfort, and morale can be agreed upon. All three components mentioned above In the framework of architectural policies and strategies, a physical environment is developed to improve the elderly's disability.
Conclusion: As the elderly population grows, their quality of life should also be considered, so not only should attention be paid to the principles and standards of the elderly, but also to the architectural design strategies of the elderly environment, including the design of communal spaces, space for creating conditions of belonging, Designing according to the elderly's physical condition, designing for security improvement, design workshops (workshop of music, wood and pottery and ceramics, etc.), sports and water therapy, designing windows outdoors, moving paths, Collectible dining, living rooms with attractive colors and ... All of them can circulate and move in the collection of Raghib Also, the overall design, taking into account spaces for dialogue and meeting with other family members and young people, will allow them to transfer these experiences and will be useful to the elderly and with the design of space for meetings of the elderly with individuals Another way of telling memories and transferring their experiences is to help prevent Alzheimer's. Also, the use of a ramp or a disabled jack on the difference in heights, the design of lands and boxes for the elderly, in which they can use different plants and flowers, And the plant growth motivates them and excite them as ... to improve their usefulness Increased life expectancy and increase the morale of the elderly.
Keywords: Elderly, Centers for Elderly, Improving the Quality of the Environment, Improving the Elderly Disability
 
 
 
     
Type of Study: Commentary | Subject: Architecture
Received: 2019/04/16 | Accepted: 2019/07/7

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