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Abstract
Background & Objective: The concept of aging and its importance has been raised by the World Health Organization since the early 1960s, and at that time the importance of promoting health and Prevention of diseases during the lifetime, especially in aging years noted. The World Health Organization estimates that the world's elderly population will reach 973 million in 2030 and by 2050 it will reach 2 billion, Which will be about 80% in less developed countries. In Iran, studies and statistical indicators indicate an elderly rapid growth so that as expected in 1410, an aging explosion will occur in our country and 25 to 30 percent of the population will be over the age of 50. Therefore, we will deal with the serious issues of the elderly and solve their problems.Considering the rapid growth of aging population it can be mentioned that, they encounter weakness and disability in their physical and mental health. So, it is important to pay attention to the health of aging population. An increase in the global population of aging people will increase pressure on health systems and providing services for them. Meantime, one of the most important ways to reduce the complications and problems of aging is to increase activity among aging population. Active aging should be considered as a multidimensional and multilevel concept that simultaneously can be applied to individual levels and for policy making. Active aging plays an important role in people's mental health. Research has shown that being physically active is an instrument for the continuation of autonomy and independence in elderly people. Also, one of the important aspects of health in elderly people is psychological dimension, which requires special attention and prevention from disorders such as depression and anxiety in them. On the other hand, active aging plays an important role in people's mental health, and in this regard, active aging and mental health are two important issues in the health of elderly people. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine level of activity in elderly people and its relation with mental health.
Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive Correlation  study  was conducted on 200 elderly patients referred to therapeutic-educational hospitals of Ardabil with available sampling. To assess the level of activity on elderly people, an active aging localized questionnaire was used with 40 items with dimensions of mentality, active insight, potentiality, physical-functional dynamics, interactivity, role-playing, socio-institutional cooperation (congruence). The validity of the questionnaire was obtained using content validity and test re-test was used to measure reliability, which was 86%. To investigate level of mental health, Goldberg's mental health questionnaire with 28 items was used. The overall reliability of this questionnaire is 91% and the reliability of the subscales has been reported between 77% and 81%. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 22 software and descriptive statistical methods such as mean, standard deviation, Pearson test, T test and ANOVA.
Results: The results showed that the average age of subjects was 72.01± 9/12. There were 80 (40%) female and 120 (60%) male. The mean score of mental health for elderly people was 94.82 ± 11.89 . Among the mental health dimensions, the highest score obtained was related to social disorder with a score of 16/29±4/16 and The lowest mean score was related to the depression dimension with a score of 10/12±3/92. mean score of activity was 69.06 ± 20.43. Among the dimensions examined, the highest score of the elderly was related to the role-playing with an average of 22/33± 5/21 and the lowest was the socio-institutional cooperation with a score of 6/17±3/18. Pearson correlation coefficient showed that there is a significant relationship between the level of activeness in elderly people with their mental health (p = 0.000) and the correlation coefficient between the two variables is 0.44.
Conclusion: The result of this study showed that the level of activeness in elderly people and their mental health level are not in a desirable situation and even on the verge of a problem and there is a direct and positive relationship with the level of activity and mental health. The study also showed that the economic situation had a positive effect on mental health That the elderly of  community should be investigated. as regards that our society is going to be aging and and according to statistics by 2020, about 10% of the population will be over 60 years old, in this case, need that, planning required be done . Based on the results of this study active aging can have a positive effect on their mental health and as an effective factor in mental health, can be considered in future plans for this group of people and the elderly move toward being active.
 

     
Type of Study: Original Research Article | Subject: Psychology
Received: 2019/04/29 | Accepted: 2019/07/29

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