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1- Islamic Azad University, Shahrood branch
Abstract:   (1070 Views)
Background & Objective: Metabolic syndrome is one of the most common diseases, especially among women, with which sedentary behaviors are associated. Overweight and obesity are the major determinants of metabolic syndrome, an all too common and all too serious clinical and public health challenge. Overweight and obesity are major risk factors for many major causes of deaths, as well as worldwide, including coronary heart disease, stroke, and cancers of the large intestine, kidney, uterus, and breast in post-menopausal women. In fact, obesity is emerging as perhaps the leading avoidable cause of premature death. The key sign of metabolic syndrome is central obesity, also known as visceral, male-pattern or apple-shaped adiposity. It is characterized by adipose tissue accumulation predominantly around the waist and trunk. Other signs of metabolic syndrome include high blood pressure, decreased fasting serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, elevated fasting serum triglyceride level, impaired fasting glucose, insulin resistance, or prediabetes. Associated conditions include hyperuricemia; fatty liver (especially in concurrent obesity) progressing to nonalcoholic fatty liver disease; polycystic ovarian syndrome in women and erectile dysfunction in men. Treatment options for patients with metabolic syndrome include lifestyle modification, psychotherapy and drug therapy. At present, no surgical interventions for metabolic syndrome have been widely accepted. Logo-therapy among other methods is the one that provides an excellent philosophical and theoretical field for teamwork. Hence, it can be used for intervention purposes in the best situation. Since the Logo-therapy has effect on quality of life and public health; therefore, the researcher aims to find whether Logo-therapy is effective in the reduction of sedentary behavior among female patients. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of group logo-therapy training on sedentary behaviors in patients with Metabolic Syndrome.
Methods: The method of this study was quasi-experimental with pre-test, post-test and follow-up with control group. The statistical population of the study was women aged 25-60 years old with Metabolic Syndrome in the first half of 2018. The sample consisted of 30 individuals who were selected through available sampling and were randomly and with homogenization divided into two experimental and control groups. Logo-therapy training was provided in 10 sessions. Data collection tool was Sedentary Behavior Questionnaire (Rosenberg et al., 2010). Data were analyzed by SPSS software using repeated measures analysis of variance with significance level of 0.05.
Results: In the present study the mean differences between the interactive effect of group * time between pre-test (P=0.019) and post-test and between post-test and follow-up (P=0.019) for sedentary behaviors at the beginning of the week were significant. Also, the mean differences between the interactive effect of group * time between pre-test and post-test (0.009) and between post-test and follow-up (P=0.001) for sedentary behaviors at the end of the week were significant.
Conclusion: Since, logo-therapy is one of the most important approaches of existential psychotherapy or humanoriented that focuses on the spiritual aspect of human and the meaning of human existence. Logo-therapy is based on this idea that if suffering is an integral part of life, so there is a meaning in it, and when a person’s suffering is meaningful, it will not be annoying anymore. The driving force behind logo-therapy is the idea that human beings are most motivated by a search for meaning, indicating that the meaning of life is the biggest question on human minds and the biggest stressor on his psyches. Everything can be taken from a man but one thing: the last of the human freedoms—to choose one's attitude in any given set of circumstances. Based on the results, it can be said that logo-therapy with the changes it makes in a person, in addition to psychological changes, can lead to physical and behavioral effort and mobility, Therefore, this intervention is recommended for people with specific sedentary behaviors.
Type of Study: Original Research Article | Subject: Psychology
Received: 2019/07/13 | Accepted: 2019/09/6

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