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1- tehran university
2- shiraz medical university
Abstract:   (797 Views)
Introduction: Scoliosis is a disorder that occurs in the spinal column at three plane, involving the skeletal, muscular, and nervous systems and ultimately affecting on biomechanics of body movements such as walking. There are different approaches to correcting this disorder. In this regard, SCHROTH approach claims to have a good effect on the correction of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of SCHROTH corrective exercise on straight length of adolescents with scoliosis.
Materials and methods: This semi-experimental study with pre-test and post-test design has performed on 30 adolescents suffering from scoliosis with 14.85± 3.73 years mean age, 20.41± 1.34 kg / m2 BMI and 16.54± 2.12 degree Cobb angle that has divided between two group, control and  intervention.
Finding: For ensuring, from Shapiro-wilk test has used for normal distribution of data; also for investigation of differences between two independent groups have used independent t-test and between pre-test and post-test have used dependent t-test that their results respectively have been P≤0.001 and P= 0.106. The effectiveness of this intervention on Cohen’s D scale have been 1.66 that indicates the high efficacies exercise intervention.
Result: From neurological view in every musculoskeletal disorder have seen alternatives in recruitment and firing rate pattern of fibres muscle; therefore exercise with aim increasing muscle utilization, corrective recruitment and firing rate pattern in right position can play a valuable role in spinal alignment correction. In scoliosis disorder all segments in body are involved harmful changes. Therefore, it seems the Schroth exercises cause increasing the use of inhibit muscles by maintaining training position as well as inhibiting hyperactive muscles. It makes a patient suffering from scoliosis closer to his or her optimal biomechanical state, which in turn effects on the spatio-temporal and kinematic parameters of gait such as straight length. Therefore, considering the effectiveness of the Schroth approach to improving the straight length in the present study and other benefit of these exercises such as non invasion intervention, independent any special equipment and easy learning, is recommended specialist of corrective exercise, exercise therapist and physiotherapist use Schroth approach for scoliosis correction and reducing problem of scoliosis disorder or they can use Schroth exercise along with other corrective intervention as effective principles.

Type of Study: Original Research Article | Subject: Rehabilitation
Received: 2019/09/28 | Accepted: 2019/12/31

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