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1- Science and Arts University
Abstract:   (576 Views)
Objective: Adolescents is a large segment of the country's population that will play a vital role in the future of the social system's life and its overall growth and development. Developed by peers in person. If these traits are ignored during adolescence, there will be a potential risk of many unhealthy behaviors. One of these unhealthy and dangerous behaviors is the occurrence of abnormalities such as deliberate self-harm and the occurrence of all kinds of personal or bullying violence. In recent years, there have been many studies on the types of violence, such as deliberate self-harm and interpersonal or bullying. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of Schema Therapy on reducing frustration and bullying in adolescents 17-18 in Tehran.
 Methods: The research method is semi-experimental and the design of this study is a two-group pretest-posttest control group design. The statistical population consisted of high school male students studying in Tehran in 1997-98. Sampling method was available in this study. The statistical population of the study was 2500 male high school students in three districts of Tehran. The first stage of sampling, 20 districts of Tehran selected randomly (13). Thirty people were selected by random sampling. The Failure Tolerance and Bullying Questionnaire was administered to them as a pre-test. Then, 30 person who achieved the highest score in bullying and the least score in tolerating failure were randomly assigned into two groups of 15 test and control groups. So, the Noise Bullying Scale for Students and the Harrington (2005) Standard for Failure Tolerance Scale were implemented among students. 47 students had symptoms of bullying and frustration tolerance among which 30 were randomly selected and available. Then, 30 individuals who achieved the highest score in bullying and the lowest score in failure failed were randomly assigned into two groups of 15 experimental and control groups. The experimental group received 10 sessions of 60-minute schema therapy, while the control group received no training. Then the post-test was taken from both groups to compare the results of the two groups. A questionnaire was used to collect the data. With regard to attitude and selection of research variables, criteria for entry and exit of research were formulated. Measurement tools were the Illinois Eighteen Questionnaire Eighth Questionnaire (2001) and Harrington's Failure Tolerance Questionnaire (2005).Content validity and reliability of questionnaires were assessed using Cronbach's alpha coefficient. Descriptive and inferential statistics such as covariance analysis were used to analyze the data in order to compare the mean difference. This 4-point scale is scored as a Likert scale of points (1 - strongly agree, 2 - agree, 3 - disagree, 4 - disagree, 5 - strongly disagree). The sum of the low scores indicates the subject's high frustration tolerance and the sum of high scores indicates the subject's low frustration tolerance.
Results: multivariate analysis of covariance in bullying component below body bullying scale mean of experimental group and control group (30.3 1/2 29.1) and verbal bullying scale (16.4 4 24.03) and under anger scale (0.9). 25.24) 25) and on the scale of hostility (83.2 19 19.5) and on the scale of student failure (83.2 88 88.1) is. No significant differences were observed in all subscales between the two groups in the pre-test phase. And in the results of multivariate analysis of covariance in the bullying component below the physical or physical bullying scale the mean of the experimental and control groups were 24 ± 15.9 and in the verbal aggression scale 18.2 ± 15.9 under the anger scale of 28.2 ± 15.9. Below the hostility scale is 25.1 ± 19.9 and 77.2 1/ 60.1 on the fracture scale. And as shown, there was a significant difference between the experimental and control groups. And training in electrotherapeutic schema therapy and coping with adolescent frustration has been effective and has resulted in a reduction in these variables.
Conclusion: The results showed that fracture tolerance increased in experimental group under the influence of Schema Therapy training. Schema therapy training is effective in increasing adolescent frustration. Also, under the influence of therapeutic schema training, adolescent bullying has decreased in the experimental group, we conclude that therapeutic schema training is effective in reducing adolescent bullying by 17 to 18 years
     
Type of Study: Original Research Article | Subject: Psychology
Received: 2019/10/16 | Accepted: 2020/02/15

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