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Haddadi Bahram A, Taklavi S, Narimani M. Reality Therapy on Fear of Negative Evaluation and Defensive Self-Expression in Women with Imposter Syndrome. MEJDS. 2020; 10 :45-45
URL: http://jdisabilstud.org/article-1-1789-en.html
1- Ardabil Branch, Islamic Azad University
2- Ardabil Branch, Islamic Azad University; University of Mohaghegh Ardabili
Abstract:   (1405 Views)
Background & Objectives: Imposter Syndrome (IS) is a new variable that has been studied concerning individuals who are skeptical of their abilities and have a general feeling of inadequacy, and fear of being negatively evaluated. Reality Therapy (RT) or Choice theory is based on emotional choices and problems that emphasize the recognition of right and wrong and their relationship to one's daily life, reality, and responsibility. According to research records, there is no independent study of treatment for individuals with IS. moreover, a major problem of women with IS is the fear of negative evaluation and decreased self-esteem. The prevalence of pretentiousness in these women is higher than men. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the effect of RT on the fear of negative evaluation and defensive self-expression in women with IS.
Methods: This was a quasi-experimental study with a pretest-posttest and a control group design. The statistical population of this study included all women with IS who referred to counseling and psychological services centers in Rasht City, Iran, in 2018. Twenty of them were selected by purposive sampling method; then, they were randomly assigned into two groups of 10 females. The experimental group underwent 8 treatment sessions; however, no intervention was provided to the control group. Questionnaires of Fear of Negative Evaluation, Defensive Self-Presentation, and the Scale of Imposter were completed by the study groups before and after the training. The obtained data were analyzed using Multivariate Analysis of Covariance.
Results: The present research results suggested that RT was effective in reducing the fear of negative evaluation and defensive self-expression in women with IS (p<0.001).
Conclusion: According to the achieved results, RT is effective on the fear of negative evaluation and defensive self-presentation in women with IS. Thus, this treatment could be used as an effective technique for individuals with IS.
Full-Text [PDF 519 kb]   (294 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Research Article | Subject: Psychology
Received: 2019/11/4 | Accepted: 2020/01/25

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