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1- Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (719 Views)
Background and Objective: Effective communication has been recognized by many as the most important and essential skill for marriage. Couples who are effectively interconnected have the capacity for mutual affirmation and can listen and respond to their spouse's needs in a non-defensive manner. In-depth knowledge of skills and their use in dealing with problems and crises is one of the keys to effective marital relations that enhances the strength and consistency of members. Unfortunately, this knowledge is scarce among couples in distress. One of the behaviors that cause communication problems is control. Geriatric control is one of the factors that usually occur in closed home environments, causing uncertainty and disruption of the family center. Controlling is a phenomenon that destroys healthy family relationships and is more important among other crises because it is the source of many other problems and crises. Controlling destroys cohesion, bonding, adaptation, and resilience among family members. The main assumption of control is that if we feel dissatisfied with a relationship, we do not hold ourselves responsible for such feelings, but blames others and factors outside of control that disrupt the interaction between spouses. Negative verbal relationships (criticism), altered relationships such as unrealistic expectations or lack of relationships such as abstinence and clinically significant detriment to individual or family functioning despite symptoms in one or both of them, preventing individual decision-making, reinforcement, domination and imposition. Beliefs, desires and needs are among the most disturbed interactions between couples. The components of controlling behaviors are among the behavioral and emotional components and have an adverse effect on the communication patterns of couples and family members. Controlling behaviors in family system and couple relationships cause destructive effects such as disturbance of couples intimacy, inefficiency and incompatibility of family with issues, differences, values ​​and beliefs, decrease of flexibility and cohesion of family members, disruption of communication and process of communication, disruption in process of communication, And family feelings, lack of common understanding of communication patterns and interpersonal interactions, and reduced resilience in the face of external and internal factors. Regarding the necessity of implementing new methods to solve couples 'problems, this study aimed to compare the effectiveness of Integrated Couple Behavior Therapy and Dialectical Behavior Therapy on reducing couples' controlling behaviors.
Methods: In this study, a quasi-experimental method with pretest and posttest design with control group was used. The statistical population of the study included all couples who referred to Karaj counseling centers to resolve marital disputes. Subjects' choice was higher than the average in the Coan and Archer (2005) questionnaire of controlling behaviors. Of these, 16 (8 couples) in the first experimental group (Integrative Behavioral Couple’s Therapy), 16 (8 couples) in the second experimental group (Dialectical Behavior Therapy) and 16 in the control group (8 couples) were selected by available sampling and randomly selected and Replaced in groups. The research instrument consisted of Kwan and Archer (2005) measure of couple control behaviors. The method of the study was that after the pre-test, the combination of behavioral-couples training for the first experimental group and dialectical behavior therapy training for the second experimental group were performed and the control group did not receive any intervention. Finally, post-test was performed on all three groups. Findings were analyzed by SPSS software version 4 and covariance analysis at the 0.001 level.
Results: Analysis of covariance showed that dialectical behavior therapy had a significant effect on reducing the mean of controlling behaviors of couples (p <0.001) but integrative behavioral couple therapy did not have a significant effect on decreasing of controlling behaviors. Post hoc test also showed that there was a significant difference between the first experimental group (Integrative Behavioral Couple’s Therapy) and the second experimental group (Dialectical Behavior Therapy) in reducing the mean of controlling behavior of couples (p <0.001).
Conclusion: This study shows that dialectical behavior therapy training is applicable to couples and is effective in reducing couples 'controlling behaviors, but integrative behavioral couple’s therapy has not been effective in reducing couples' controlling behaviors.
Type of Study: Original Research Article | Subject: Counseling
Received: 2019/11/8 | Accepted: 2020/01/5

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