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1- Tehran Science and Research branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
2- Imam Hussein University
3- Sport Science Research Institute
Abstract:   (637 Views)
Objective: Half of all psychological disorders have their onset before the age of 14 years. As a result, there is a recognized need for targeted early prevention and intervention, with programs aimed at protecting and enhancing the psychological health of children a key component of this need. It is well documented that physically active children have better mental health, constituted by a stronger self-esteem, and are less likely to suffer from mental health problems such as depression and anxiety than children who are inactive. Ample evidence exists that children and adolescents participating in sports improve their physical and mental health. Particularly, participation in organized sports has been found to be associated with greater psychological and social benefits in children and adolescents compared to individual, unorganized types of sports and sport participation is one of the important ways to providing mental and physical health. As a result, Identification, prioritization and classification the factors affecting sport participation of young people for have better society is essential. The purpose of this study was to investigate the motivation for sport participation among 13-17 -year-old adolescents in West Azerbaijan province with mediating role of gender and place of residence based on Sport motivation scale.
Methods: This study is applied research and in terms of data collection is types of descriptive -comparative research. Data were collected by distributing demographic questionnaire and sport motivation scale questionnaire(1995) for assess the intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, amotivation, among 1006 student (459 girl and 547 boy, rural adolescent 383 and urban adolescent 623) in West Azerbaijan. Cronbach alpha coefficient for sport motivation scale questionnaire was. /7- . /82 and the reliability of the translated version was obtained using Cronbach alpha coefficient of 0.92. The statistical method used in this study was the multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) used to analyze the hypotheses. Data were analyzed using SPSS software version 19 and significance level was 0.05.
Results: The result of MANOVA showed that the gender variable does not affect motivation and there was no different between boy and girls intrinsic or extrinsic motivation or amotivation (intrinsic motivation: p=0.2), (extrinsic motivation p=0.74) and (amotivation p=0.94); while affect the rate of participation in sport (p=0), and boys sport participation more than the girls sport participation. The results also showed that place of residence does not affect sport's participation variable (p=0.64) and there was no significant difference between urban and rural adolescents in sport participation; while place of residence have an impact on the effective intrinsic and extrinsic motivation and amotivation amotivation (intrinsic motivation: p=0.04), (extrinsic motivation: p=0) and (amotivation: p=0).
Conclusion: Given the high importance of adolescent sport participation and the findings of this study, the Ministry of Education needs to pay special attention to the role of psychological factor of motivation and its influencing factors. Access to facilities can also have a positive impact on motivation for sports participation. The result of this research in useful guideline for officials, instructors, to have a better understanding of affecting factors on motivation and sport participators of young people and the importance of each variable.
Type of Study: Original Research Article | Subject: Psychology
Received: 2019/11/24 | Accepted: 2020/01/12

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