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1- Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University
Abstract:   (695 Views)
Background & Objective: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by three main characteristics, namely, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Impulsivity. One of the most common neurobehavioral disorders in childhood is affecting a large part of the population. According to available statistics, the prevalence of this disorder is 3 to 7 percent among students. People with ADHD have problems with executive functions. Active memory is one of the most important executable functions. Nowadays active memory is considered as one of the important subjects in neuroscience and has attracted the attention of many researchers. Therefore, recent research has focused more on working memory as one of the memory constructs. The aim of this study was the investigation of the effectiveness of Computer Based Training of Progressive Cognition on audio/ visual working memory in students with Attention Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).
Methods: The present study is a pilot study of pretest-posttest research design with control group. Statistical population was all boys and girls with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in Tabriz in 2019. The time domain of the research was the last quarter of 1977. In order to select the sample, one district multi-stage cluster random sampling was selected from the educational districts of Tabriz city, and then three schools were randomly selected from the primary schools of this area using the CSI-4 test. Run by a researcher, children were screened for ADHD symptoms. These students were subsequently diagnosed according to the diagnosis of a child and adolescent psychiatrist. Experimental studies based on Delaware's (13) sample size are sufficient for each group. Therefore, 30 children with ADHD were screened and diagnosed according to the psychiatrist's choice (targeted or criterion-based) and were randomly assigned into two experimental and control groups. In addition, simple random sampling was used to select the research sample in both groups (experiment and control). Inclusion criteria included: (a) Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder; (b) Willingness to participate in the study; (c) Moderate and higher intelligence; and (d) No other disorders; More than one intervention session; b) co-participation in other intervention programs; and c) no satisfaction with continuing study co-operation. Data were analyzed using multivariate analysis of covariance in SPSS-22 software.
Results: First, the normality of the data distribution was verified using the Kalmogorov-Smirnov statistical test (P>0.05). Therefore, parametric tests can be used to analyze the data. The results of M-Box test indicated the assumption of homogeneity of variance-covariance matrices (P>0.05). The results of Bartlett's Spearman's test indicated a significant correlation (significant correlation between dependent variables) between dependent variables (P= 0.001). The assumption of homogeneity of variances in the research variables was also confirmed by Levon's test (P>0.05). Thus the assumptions of the Mankova test are valid. The Results showed that the Computer Based Training of Progressive Cognition on audio/visual working memory in children with Attention Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder had positive and significant effect on the working memory.
Conclusion: Based on the findings of this study, it can be concluded that advanced computer-based cognitive training is an effective way to improve the performance of visual/ auditory active memory in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Therefore, it is suggested that therapists and clinical psychologists use the effectiveness of computer-based progressive cognitive training on visual/ auditory working memory performance in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
Type of Study: Original Research Article | Subject: Rehabilitation
Received: 2019/12/15 | Accepted: 2020/01/18

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