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Ethics code: IR.IAU.SRB.REC.1400.203

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1- USWR university
2- Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University
Abstract:   (461 Views)
A Review of Computer-Based Auditory Training Program
Background& Purpose: Communication disorder is a consequence of deafness, which is combated from the beginning of audiology by installing hearing aids and hearing rehabilitation. Advances in audiology and rehabilitation programs have led to the emergence of computer-based auditory training programs. Several computer-based rehabilitation programs for hearing loss have been designed and put forward in foreign markets. However, only a handful of them has documented efficacy measures. Those that are documented are mostly computer-based auditory training programs (CBATPs) for adults. In today’s world, the use of technology and electronic gadgets is not limited only to adults. Children are adept at using gadgets, especially for gaming and learning. Although there are several CBATPs for children with Hearing loss in the foreign market, their efficacy is not well documented. A careful assessment of the existing programs and their structure is the first step towards strengthening the evidence of the benefits of CBATPs for children. This will also help identify the gaps and areas that need improvement and subsequently instigate more research to develop and establish evidence-based practices in CBATPs for children. This study aimed to investigate the names and characteristics of computer-based auditory training programs available abroad for deaf children.
Methods: This research is a scoping review study in which all articles published in the period were investigated from April 2000 to the end of March 2022. The method for reviewing in this study involved searching databases using different combinations of keywords. The databases searched were PubMed and Google Scholar. The keywords used for the search were: hearing loss or hearing impairment or hearing aid or cochlear implant and auditory training or auditory rehabilitation or auditory therapy or auditory learning and computer-based or app-based or software or computer-based auditory training or CBAT or computer-assisted aural rehabilitation. This traditional database search approach proved to be a highly inefficient means to answer our research question: What CBAT programs are available for use by a deaf child in foreign markets? Despite careful attention to search terms, large numbers of studies were retrieved, few of which addressed descriptions of or research about particular products. In total, the abstracts of 124 articles were reviewed. Out of these, only a handful of items were useful. Then, a more appropriate method was used to obtain the answer to the research question. 12 computer-based auditory training programs were identified from the background review. A frequency count was performed to determine the number of times each computer-based hearing training program was reviewed to determine each program’s importance. The names of the 12 programs were searched using exact phrases using Google's "advanced search" limiters. Also, the websites of three main cochlear implant manufacturers were searched: Adonis Bionics Corporation, Cochlear Corporation, and Med-EL. Finally, five products were identified.
 Results: To review commercially available computer-based auditory training programs, the authors followed the framework used by Zhang, Miller, and Campbel. Twenty-nine features of the programs discussed were grouped into three categories: general product and purchase information, design features of educational samples, and listening and communication goals. The following programs were selected for review after an extensive search on Google. Angel Sound Training. Otto’s World of Sounds. Programs offered by Advanced Bionics. Programs offered by MED-EL. Programs offered by Cochlear. Existing business programs cover many aspects of auditory training through a wide range of stimuli and activities. They also have activities for different age groups. However, there is no evidence to prove their effectiveness. It is very important to choose an appropriate measurement criterion to accurately quantify the improvements resulting from the treatment.
Conclusion: In general, computer-centered auditory training as a teleintervention for computer-based auditory rehabilitation can have positive effects on the auditory and communication skills of deaf children by creating an attractive educational environment and diverse spaces along with other rehabilitation and direct education interventions. Several CBATPs are commercially available on the Internet in native languages that have many concepts and activities for different age groups. However, selecting, developing, and localizing a specific training program is very challenging. This overview of 5 computer-based hearing training programs can provide the needed help for audiologists, speech therapists, and other experts in this field to adapt and make these programs suitable for Iranian deaf children.
Keywords: auditory training, auditory rehabilitation, computer-based, software
 
     
Type of Study: Mini Review Article | Subject: Rehabilitation

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