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Background and objective: Social exclusion of people with disabilities and its distribution in society are among the important issues in the area of social disability studies. The present study was carried out to understand the relationship between the lack of social trust and social exclusion of people with disabilities. Method: in the present study, quantitative (survey) and qualitative (interview) methods were used. The population of this study included the people with physical- motor disabilities aged from 15 to 64 years who had file in the welfare organization of Rey City. The sample size included 369 subjects and questionnaire and deep interviews were used to collect data. For interview, a sample of 51 subjects was interviewed in a targeted manner. Spss software was used for the analysis of quantitative data and content analysis technique was used to analyze qualitative data. Findings: The qualitative and quantitative findings in this study indicated that firstly, 55% of the sample had education less than a high school diploma, 47.4% were unemployed, 68.6% had limited social connections, 50% had limited social participation, and 35.6% felt severe social shame. Hence, disabled individuals experienced a high degree of social banishment in all aspects. Secondly, that there was a significant relationship between lack of social confidence and banishment of disabled individuals from the society (P<0.001). Such that the correlation between lack of social confidence and social connections of the disabled was 706%, between lack of social confidence and social participation was 633%, and between lack of social confidence and education of the disabled was 259%. Furthermore, between lack of social confidence and social shame there was a negative correlation of -469%. And when social confidence in the disabled was high, 765% of the disabled were employed, and when social confidence in the disabled was low, only 303% of the disabled were employed. Conclusion: It seems that a great deal of poverty, illiteracy, unemployment and poverty and social participations and relations among people with disabilities is linked to the lack of social trust in these people. Thus, the necessary measures must be taken as soon as possible by relevant institutions in order to attract social trust in people with disabilities.

     
Type of Study: Original Research Article | Subject: Social Sciences

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